Elder Law & Guardianships
A guardianship is a legal process where a court declares (1) individual incapacitated (also known as the Ward); (2) appoints a Guardian; and (3) oversees certain actions to ensure they are in the best interest of the Ward. Guardianships can be for adults or minor children. For some members of our society, legal protection may be necessary even after they have entered adulthood. These individuals may have been injured in an accident, continue to suffer from an incapacitating physical illness or psychological disorder, or have some other condition that prevents them from caring for themselves. In these cases, a guardianship may be established.
Guardians and Protected Persons
Guardianship, also referred to as conservatorship, is a legal arrangement that places an individual, also known as a ward or protected person, under the supervision of a guardian, or custodian. There are two main types of guardianship: guardianship of the person and guardianship of the estate or property.
A guardian is typically a family member, friend, or fiduciary appointed by the court. A protected person can be a minor without a parental guardian or an adult who can no longer make safe and sound decisions about his or her own person or property. Additionally, a person who is prone to fraud or undue external influence may be placed under guardianship for protection.
Appointment of a guardian can materially limit the rights and privileges of the protected individual in areas such as:
- Choosing residence
- Providing informed consent to medical treatment
- Making end-of-life decisions
- Making property transactions
- Obtaining a driver’s license
- Owning, possessing, or carrying a firearm or other weapon
- Contracting or filing law suits
Right to Due Process
In order to safeguard the protected person’s right to due process, he or she is usually provided with notice and is entitled to attend all legal proceedings related to guardianship. In addition, the protected person may obtain representation by an attorney, present evidence, and confront and cross-examine all witnesses.
Guardianship of the Person
Guardianship of the person grants authority over non-financial matters such as issues that impact the personal well-being of the protected person, including making important medical decisions. The appointed guardian is normally tasked with the following responsibilities:
- Determining and maintaining residence
- Providing informed consent to and supervising medical treatment
- Consenting to and supervising non-medical services such as education, psychiatric or behavioral counseling
- Making end-of-life decisions
- Maintaining the protected person’s autonomy as much as possible
Guardianship of the Estate or Property
Guardianship of the estate or property empowers the guardian to make important financial decisions on behalf of the protected person, including:
- Organizing, gathering and protecting assets
- Arranging appraisals of property
- Safeguarding property and assets from loss, whenever possible
- Managing income from assets
- Making appropriate payments
- Obtaining court approval prior to any sale of major assets
The guardian may be required to report to the court about his or her activities on an annual basis.
Many guardianships are temporary arrangements, meant to protect an incapacitated individual until he or she regains capacity. If you believe your loved one may be in the need for a guardianship call or complete our initial questionnaire online.